HOW TO CREATE A BUSINESS IN ITALY
For European companies or self-employed:
All the rules are well explained on “impresa in un giorno” https://www.impresainungiorno.gov.it/
Briefly, if you want to create a business in Italy, there are two alternatives. You can choose between business establishment and the temporary or occasional cross-border provision of services.
1. Business establishment: it involves the actual pursuit of an economic activity through a fixed establishment for an indefinite period; it requires integration into the economy in the Member State and it involves the acquisition of customers in that State from the basis of a stable professional domicile.
2. Freedom to provide services: it is characterized by the absence of a stable and continuous participation in the economic life of the host Member State.
The distinction needs to be made on the case-by-case basis.
1. Business establishment
Starting a business activity in Italy requires the registration in the national Business Register maintained by the network of Chambers of Commerce http://www.registroimprese.it
This can be made by means of ComUnica http://www.registroimprese.it/comunica that simplifies the obligations for entrepreneurs. Through ComUnica the company receives its VAT number and is registered with the national pension and insurance agencies, INPS and INAIL.
2. Cross border provision of services
For cross-border provision of services there is no obligation to register a branch office in other Member States. A business which is lawfully established in a Member State of the European Union can provide its services in other EU Member States on a temporary or occasional basis with no restriction other than the requirements set in the country of establishment.
• Additional obligations are foreseen in case of services that require the possession of a professional qualification. http://www.politicheeuropee.it/attivita/59/centr
• Youth entrepreneurship: Young people (within the age of 35) can enjoy honors loans and soft loans made available by the State, the regions and the CEE; More on http://www.garanziagiovani.gov.it
• Female entrepreneurship: (legge 215/'92 ) addressed to specific cases. More on http://www.invitalia.it
• Specific regional incentives. (like “ Sportello Genesi” on http://www.bo.camcom.gov.it
Six main procedures:
1. Execute a public deed of incorporation and company bylaws before a public notary and pay registration tax
2. Purchase corporate and accounting books
3. Pay government tax (fee) to authenticate corporate and accounting books
4. Activation and Registration of the PEC (Certified e-mail)
5. Register company incorporation, receive tax identification number, VAT number, and register with Social Security Administration (INPS) and Accident Insurance Office (INAIL).
6. Notify the competent Labor Office (DPLMO) of the employment of workers
In Italy timing depends on different factors:
• The type of company you want to start
• The activities carry on by the company
• The industry
Usually for a company that has already found the property and does not need any specific authorization, it takes about 1 month to have everything ready.